What Is Gestational Diabetes and Its Effects on Pregnancy?

Apr 18, 2023

Women Health

How Gestational Diabetes Can Impact Your Pregnancy How Gestational Diabetes Can Impact Your Pregnancy

Gestational diabetes (GD) is when a woman has high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. It can develop in any pregnant woman but is more common in those who are overweight or obese, has a family history of diabetes, or have previously had GD.

GD can cause problems for the mother and baby if it is not managed correctly. The good news is that GD can be controlled with diet, exercise, and sometimes medication. This article will provide information on GD, how it can affect pregnancy and your baby, and how you can manage it.

What Is Gestational Diabetes?

Diabetes that develops during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. It can cause problems for both mother and baby if it's not managed correctly. Having gestational diabetes doesn't mean you have diabetes before pregnancy or that you will get diabetes after pregnancy. However, it does increase your risk of developing diabetes in the future.

If you have GD, you'll need to monitor your blood sugar levels and take steps to keep them under control. This may involve managing your diet, exercising regularly, and taking medication.

GD can affect the development of your baby. If blood sugar levels are not well controlled, it can lead to higher birth weight, congenital disabilities, and an increased risk of developing diabetes later in life. See your doctor if you think you might have pregnancy diabetes so it can be diagnosed and treated early.

What Is the Effect of Gestational Diabetes On You and Your Baby?

Gestational diabetes can have several different effects on both mother and child. The most severe complication for the baby is macrosomia (when the baby is bigger than average). This can cause difficulties during delivery and possible health problems for the child later in life. For the mother, gestational diabetes can lead to an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later.

How Does GD Affect Your Baby After Birth?

Gestational diabetes (GD) can cause high blood sugar levels during pregnancy, leading to problems for both mother and baby.

After the baby is born, GD can increase the child's risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, working with your gynecologist to manage GD can prevent these long-term health problems.

When Does Gestational Diabetes Begin?

Gestational diabetes typically begins in the second trimester of pregnancy, around the 24th week. It can, however, develop earlier or later in pregnancy. In addition, many women will develop gestational diabetes before they become pregnant (pre-gestational diabetes).

Causes of Gestational Diabetes?

According to WebMD, nearly 10% of pregnant women find out they have gestational diabetes midway through their pregnancies.

A combination of hormonal and genetic factors causes gestational diabetes. It usually occurs when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to meet the body's needs. This can happen during pregnancy because of the increased demand for insulin and resistance to the action of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body to use sugar for energy. When there isn't enough insulin, sugar builds up in the blood instead of being used for energy. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born, but it can increase the risk for type 2 diabetes later in life.

Who Is at Risk for Gestational Diabetes?

There are several risk factors for gestational diabetes. First, women who are overweight or obese are at increased risk. Women with a family history of diabetes are also at increased risk. Women with polycystic ovaries have an increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). If you have any of these risk factors, it doesn't mean you will develop gestational diabetes. But it does mean that you should be extra vigilant about monitoring your blood sugar levels during pregnancy.

According to the CDC, In the United States, between 6 and 9 percent of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes.

What Are the Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes?

It can cause high blood sugar levels in pregnant women and their babies. Symptoms of gestational diabetes include:

  •    Excessive thirst
  •        Frequent urination
  •       Excessive hunger
  •    Fatigue
  •    Blurred vision

How Is Gestational Diabetes Diagnosed?

There are a few ways to test for gestational diabetes. The oral glucose tolerance test is the most common, usually given between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. You will be asked to drink a sugary drink, and your blood sugar will be tested two hours later. You may be diagnosed with gestational diabetes if your blood sugar is high.

Other tests for gestational diabetes include fasting plasma glucose and HBa1c tests. The fasting plasma glucose test is done first thing in the morning before you have eaten anything. HBa1c tests measure your average blood sugar level over the last three months and are used to diagnose gestational diabetes.

If you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you must meet with a dietitian to create a meal plan. You will also need to check your blood sugar levels at home to keep a check on your sugar level.

How Is Gestational Diabetes Treated, and How to Prevent It?

There are a few different ways to treat gestational diabetes. Blood sugar levels should be maintained at a healthy level. This can be done by making changes to your diet and exercise routine. You may also need medication, like metformin or insulin, to help check your blood sugar levels.

If you have gestational diabetes, it's essential to monitor your blood sugar levels closely. You'll need to check your blood sugar levels as advised by your doctor and report any changes to your doctor. It's also essential to eat healthy foods and get regular exercise. By working with your doctor, you can help keep your blood sugar levels under control and have a healthy pregnancy.

There are a few preventions for gestational diabetes. Weight maintenance is the first step. If you are overweight, lose weight before you become pregnant. Regular exercise and healthy eating can help you achieve this. Another prevention is to control your blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, maintain your blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Finally, if you have had gestational diabetes in the past, you are at a higher risk of developing it again in future pregnancies.

Learn About Gestational Diabetes with Rotunda IVF

As we have seen, gestational diabetes can profoundly affect pregnancy and the developing baby. While it is possible to manage GD with diet and exercise, it is essential to work closely with your healthcare team to ensure the best possible outcome for you and your child.

Gestational diabetes is a condition that can occur during pregnancy. It can cause serious health problems for both the mother and the baby. If you have gestational diabetes, it is essential to control your blood sugar levels and get regular prenatal care.

Suppose you find any difficulty in conceiving due to any reason. Our well-equipped and trained professionals are always ready to assist you in the best way possible. Rotunda CHR will offer all services under one roof, like consultations, sonography, blood tests, endoscopies, and all assisted reproductive procedures. We are experts at IVF treatment and pregnancy care and have experience helping over 10,000 women conceive successfully. Contact us to resolve your infertility issues.