How Does ICSI Treatment Help in Infertility?

How Does ICSI Treatment Help in Infertility?

19 Dec 2022 by Rotunda - The Center for Human Reproduction

In today’s world, infertility and its various causes have increased sharply due to the hectic schedule and lifestyle of young couples. Today 10-14% of couples in India suffer from various fertility issues. However, advancements in medical science make it possible to achieve pregnancy, even in the case of infertility.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is a specialized form of In- Vitro Fertilization, one such procedure that is fundamentally used to treat an extreme case of male infertility.

The ICSI procedure comprises sperm injection into a woman’s eggs in a laboratory for fertilization. It is generally recommended when an infertile male has a history of several failed results. ICSI treatment is also helpful in cases where the sperm cannot penetrate the egg or if the sperm are abnormally shaped.

Before you decide to opt for this treatment, you need to learn more about the procedure and effectiveness of ICSI.

When Is ICSI Recommended?

ICSI treatment is advised for patients with a history of failed IVF results. ICSI is also recommended in the cases mentioned below:

  • When the male partner has a meager sperm count.
  • Poor sperm motility.
  • A high rate of abnormal sperm was found in the collected samples.
  • Patient with a history of vasectomy; the sperm is accumulated from the sperm bank.
  • Sperm needed to be extracted surgically due to ejaculation problems or some other health conditions.
  • Males with erectile dysfunction and ejaculation issues.

What Is the Procedure of ICSI?

Women first need to take fertility medication to boost the production of eggs in the ovaries. The doctor observes the development of healthy eggs during this time. The ICSI procedure begins when the egg is ready to be recovered.

  • Retrieval

Step 1: Oocytes are retrieved from a woman performing a transvaginal oocyte retrieval procedure.

Step 2: The sperm is retrieved from a man by ejaculation or through a surgical procedure.

  • Sperm Injection into the egg

After retrieving and cleaning the semen sample, a single sperm is selected and isolated. That sperm is denuded of its membrane and tail and then injected into an egg with a needle. It can take 24 hours for a sperm to fertilize an egg and create an embryo.

  • Observation

The fertilized embryos are observed in a lab for five days for any signs of growth and development. Only after a thorough observation lives to grow, and normal-looking embryos are selected while other embryos are discarded.

  • Transfer

After the embryos reach a certain stage of development, a number of them are selected and transplanted into the woman’s uterus using an ultrasound-guided catheter. The entire procedure may happen 2 -5 days after fertilization.

The Success Rate of ICSI in Infertility

ICSI treatment usually fertilizes 50-80% of the eggs. However, it is essential to understand there is no assurance of a 100% success rate as both partners’ age and health condition play a vital role.

Once the embryo is transferred into the uterus, it must attach to the uterine lining and evolve into a fetus. Therefore, the success rate of ICSI is not similar to the number of live births after an IVF process.

Visit Your Doctor

ICSI treatment is for patients with infertility problems like low sperm count, poor sperm movement, or abnormal sperm. A couple should consult the doctor for infertility if they fail to conceive a child after a year of intercourse. The doctor will explain what needs to be done and what to expect from the procedure.

Get the Best ICSI Treatment at Rotunda IVF

A child is a reason for your happiness. Don’t miss out on the emotion of being a parent. Visit the best IVF center, Rotunda IVF. Our goal is to provide state-of-art medical care and an environment for the best outcome, with our highly-trained doctors always ready to support you. Contact us to get started with your new journey!

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